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00001 """Package resource API

A resource is a logical file contained within a package, or a logical
subdirectory thereof.  The package resource API expects resource names
to have their path parts separated with ``/``, *not* whatever the local
path separator is.  Do not use os.path operations to manipulate resource
names being passed into the API.

The package resource API is designed to work with normal filesystem packages,
.egg files, and unpacked .egg files.  It can also work in a limited way with
.zip files and with custom PEP 302 loaders that support the ``get_data()``

import sys, os, zipimport, time, re, imp, types

except NameError:
    from sets import ImmutableSet as frozenset

# capture these to bypass sandboxing
from os import utime
    from os import mkdir, rename, unlink
except ImportError:
    # no write support, probably under GAE

from os import open as os_open
from os.path import isdir, split

# This marker is used to simplify the process that checks is the
# setuptools package was installed by the Setuptools project
# or by the Distribute project, in case Setuptools creates
# a distribution with the same version.
# The bootstrapping script for instance, will check if this
# attribute is present to decide wether to reinstall the package
_distribute = True

def _bypass_ensure_directory(name, mode=0777):
    # Sandbox-bypassing version of ensure_directory()
    if not WRITE_SUPPORT:
        raise IOError('"os.mkdir" not supported on this platform.')
    dirname, filename = split(name)
    if dirname and filename and not isdir(dirname):
        mkdir(dirname, mode)

00060 def get_supported_platform():
    """Return this platform's maximum compatible version.

    distutils.util.get_platform() normally reports the minimum version
    of Mac OS X that would be required to *use* extensions produced by
    distutils.  But what we want when checking compatibility is to know the
    version of Mac OS X that we are *running*.  To allow usage of packages that
    explicitly require a newer version of Mac OS X, we must also know the
    current version of the OS.

    If this condition occurs for any other platform with a version in its
    platform strings, this function should be extended accordingly.
    plat = get_build_platform(); m = macosVersionString.match(plat)
    if m is not None and sys.platform == "darwin":
            plat = 'macosx-%s-%s' % ('.'.join(_macosx_vers()[:2]), m.group(3))
        except ValueError:
            pass    # not Mac OS X
    return plat

__all__ = [
    # Basic resource access and distribution/entry point discovery
    'require', 'run_script', 'get_provider',  'get_distribution',
    'load_entry_point', 'get_entry_map', 'get_entry_info', 'iter_entry_points',
    'resource_string', 'resource_stream', 'resource_filename',
    'resource_listdir', 'resource_exists', 'resource_isdir',

    # Environmental control
    'declare_namespace', 'working_set', 'add_activation_listener',
    'find_distributions', 'set_extraction_path', 'cleanup_resources',

    # Primary implementation classes
    'Environment', 'WorkingSet', 'ResourceManager',
    'Distribution', 'Requirement', 'EntryPoint',

    # Exceptions

    # Parsing functions and string utilities
    'parse_requirements', 'parse_version', 'safe_name', 'safe_version',
    'get_platform', 'compatible_platforms', 'yield_lines', 'split_sections',
    'safe_extra', 'to_filename',

    # filesystem utilities
    'ensure_directory', 'normalize_path',

    # Distribution "precedence" constants

    # "Provider" interfaces, implementations, and registration/lookup APIs
    'IMetadataProvider', 'IResourceProvider', 'FileMetadata',
    'PathMetadata', 'EggMetadata', 'EmptyProvider', 'empty_provider',
    'NullProvider', 'EggProvider', 'DefaultProvider', 'ZipProvider',
    'register_finder', 'register_namespace_handler', 'register_loader_type',
    'fixup_namespace_packages', 'get_importer',

    # Deprecated/backward compatibility only
    'run_main', 'AvailableDistributions',
00142 class ResolutionError(Exception):
    """Abstract base for dependency resolution errors"""
    def __repr__(self):
        return self.__class__.__name__+repr(self.args)

00147 class VersionConflict(ResolutionError):
    """An already-installed version conflicts with the requested version"""

00150 class DistributionNotFound(ResolutionError):
    """A requested distribution was not found"""

00153 class UnknownExtra(ResolutionError):
    """Distribution doesn't have an "extra feature" of the given name"""
_provider_factories = {}

PY_MAJOR = sys.version[:3]
EGG_DIST    = 3

00164 def register_loader_type(loader_type, provider_factory):
    """Register `provider_factory` to make providers for `loader_type`

    `loader_type` is the type or class of a PEP 302 ``module.__loader__``,
    and `provider_factory` is a function that, passed a *module* object,
    returns an ``IResourceProvider`` for that module.
    _provider_factories[loader_type] = provider_factory

00173 def get_provider(moduleOrReq):
    """Return an IResourceProvider for the named module or requirement"""
    if isinstance(moduleOrReq,Requirement):
        return working_set.find(moduleOrReq) or require(str(moduleOrReq))[0]
        module = sys.modules[moduleOrReq]
    except KeyError:
        module = sys.modules[moduleOrReq]
    loader = getattr(module, '__loader__', None)
    return _find_adapter(_provider_factories, loader)(module)

def _macosx_vers(_cache=[]):
    if not _cache:
        import platform
        version = platform.mac_ver()[0]
        # fallback for MacPorts
        if version == '':
            import plistlib
            plist = '/System/Library/CoreServices/SystemVersion.plist'
            if os.path.exists(plist):
                plist_content = plistlib.readPlist(plist)
                if 'ProductVersion' in plist_content:
                    version = plist_content['ProductVersion']

    return _cache[0]

def _macosx_arch(machine):
    return {'PowerPC':'ppc', 'Power_Macintosh':'ppc'}.get(machine,machine)

00204 def get_build_platform():
    """Return this platform's string for platform-specific distributions

    XXX Currently this is the same as ``distutils.util.get_platform()``, but it
    needs some hacks for Linux and Mac OS X.
    from distutils.util import get_platform
    plat = get_platform()
    if sys.platform == "darwin" and not plat.startswith('macosx-'):
            version = _macosx_vers()
            machine = os.uname()[4].replace(" ", "_")
            return "macosx-%d.%d-%s" % (int(version[0]), int(version[1]),
        except ValueError:
            # if someone is running a non-Mac darwin system, this will fall
            # through to the default implementation
    return plat

macosVersionString = re.compile(r"macosx-(\d+)\.(\d+)-(.*)")
darwinVersionString = re.compile(r"darwin-(\d+)\.(\d+)\.(\d+)-(.*)")
get_platform = get_build_platform   # XXX backward compat

00228 def compatible_platforms(provided,required):
    """Can code for the `provided` platform run on the `required` platform?

    Returns true if either platform is ``None``, or the platforms are equal.

    XXX Needs compatibility checks for Linux and other unixy OSes.
    if provided is None or required is None or provided==required:
        return True     # easy case

    # Mac OS X special cases
    reqMac = macosVersionString.match(required)
    if reqMac:
        provMac = macosVersionString.match(provided)

        # is this a Mac package?
        if not provMac:
            # this is backwards compatibility for packages built before
            # setuptools 0.6. All packages built after this point will
            # use the new macosx designation.
            provDarwin = darwinVersionString.match(provided)
            if provDarwin:
                dversion = int(provDarwin.group(1))
                macosversion = "%s.%s" % (reqMac.group(1), reqMac.group(2))
                if dversion == 7 and macosversion >= "10.3" or \
                    dversion == 8 and macosversion >= "10.4":

                    #import warnings
                    #warnings.warn("Mac eggs should be rebuilt to "
                    #    "use the macosx designation instead of darwin.",
                    #    category=DeprecationWarning)
                    return True
            return False    # egg isn't macosx or legacy darwin

        # are they the same major version and machine type?
        if provMac.group(1) != reqMac.group(1) or \
            provMac.group(3) != reqMac.group(3):
            return False

        # is the required OS major update >= the provided one?
        if int(provMac.group(2)) > int(reqMac.group(2)):
            return False

        return True

    # XXX Linux and other platforms' special cases should go here
    return False

00279 def run_script(dist_spec, script_name):
    """Locate distribution `dist_spec` and run its `script_name` script"""
    ns = sys._getframe(1).f_globals
    name = ns['__name__']
    ns['__name__'] = name
    require(dist_spec)[0].run_script(script_name, ns)

run_main = run_script   # backward compatibility

00289 def get_distribution(dist):
    """Return a current distribution object for a Requirement or string"""
    if isinstance(dist,basestring): dist = Requirement.parse(dist)
    if isinstance(dist,Requirement): dist = get_provider(dist)
    if not isinstance(dist,Distribution):
        raise TypeError("Expected string, Requirement, or Distribution", dist)
    return dist

00297 def load_entry_point(dist, group, name):
    """Return `name` entry point of `group` for `dist` or raise ImportError"""
    return get_distribution(dist).load_entry_point(group, name)

00301 def get_entry_map(dist, group=None):
    """Return the entry point map for `group`, or the full entry map"""
    return get_distribution(dist).get_entry_map(group)

00305 def get_entry_info(dist, group, name):
    """Return the EntryPoint object for `group`+`name`, or ``None``"""
    return get_distribution(dist).get_entry_info(group, name)

class IMetadataProvider:

    def has_metadata(name):
        """Does the package's distribution contain the named metadata?"""

    def get_metadata(name):
        """The named metadata resource as a string"""

    def get_metadata_lines(name):
        """Yield named metadata resource as list of non-blank non-comment lines

       Leading and trailing whitespace is stripped from each line, and lines
       with ``#`` as the first non-blank character are omitted."""

    def metadata_isdir(name):
        """Is the named metadata a directory?  (like ``os.path.isdir()``)"""

    def metadata_listdir(name):
        """List of metadata names in the directory (like ``os.listdir()``)"""

    def run_script(script_name, namespace):
        """Execute the named script in the supplied namespace dictionary"""

00342 class IResourceProvider(IMetadataProvider):
    """An object that provides access to package resources"""

00345     def get_resource_filename(manager, resource_name):
        """Return a true filesystem path for `resource_name`

        `manager` must be an ``IResourceManager``"""

00350     def get_resource_stream(manager, resource_name):
        """Return a readable file-like object for `resource_name`

        `manager` must be an ``IResourceManager``"""

00355     def get_resource_string(manager, resource_name):
        """Return a string containing the contents of `resource_name`

        `manager` must be an ``IResourceManager``"""

00360     def has_resource(resource_name):
        """Does the package contain the named resource?"""

00363     def resource_isdir(resource_name):
        """Is the named resource a directory?  (like ``os.path.isdir()``)"""

00366     def resource_listdir(resource_name):
        """List of resource names in the directory (like ``os.listdir()``)"""

00383 class WorkingSet(object):
    """A collection of active distributions on sys.path (or a similar list)"""

00386     def __init__(self, entries=None):
        """Create working set from list of path entries (default=sys.path)"""
        self.entries = []
        self.entry_keys = {}
        self.by_key = {}
        self.callbacks = []

        if entries is None:
            entries = sys.path

        for entry in entries:

00400     def add_entry(self, entry):
        """Add a path item to ``.entries``, finding any distributions on it

        ``find_distributions(entry,True)`` is used to find distributions
        corresponding to the path entry, and they are added.  `entry` is
        always appended to ``.entries``, even if it is already present.
        (This is because ``sys.path`` can contain the same value more than
        once, and the ``.entries`` of the ``sys.path`` WorkingSet should always
        equal ``sys.path``.)
        self.entry_keys.setdefault(entry, [])
        for dist in find_distributions(entry, True):
            self.add(dist, entry, False)

00416     def __contains__(self,dist):
        """True if `dist` is the active distribution for its project"""
        return self.by_key.get(dist.key) == dist

00424     def find(self, req):
        """Find a distribution matching requirement `req`

        If there is an active distribution for the requested project, this
        returns it as long as it meets the version requirement specified by
        `req`.  But, if there is an active distribution for the project and it
        does *not* meet the `req` requirement, ``VersionConflict`` is raised.
        If there is no active distribution for the requested project, ``None``
        is returned.
        dist = self.by_key.get(req.key)
        if dist is not None and dist not in req:
            raise VersionConflict(dist,req)     # XXX add more info
            return dist

00440     def iter_entry_points(self, group, name=None):
        """Yield entry point objects from `group` matching `name`

        If `name` is None, yields all entry points in `group` from all
        distributions in the working set, otherwise only ones matching
        both `group` and `name` are yielded (in distribution order).
        for dist in self:
            entries = dist.get_entry_map(group)
            if name is None:
                for ep in entries.values():
                    yield ep
            elif name in entries:
                yield entries[name]

00455     def run_script(self, requires, script_name):
        """Locate distribution for `requires` and run `script_name` script"""
        ns = sys._getframe(1).f_globals
        name = ns['__name__']
        ns['__name__'] = name
        self.require(requires)[0].run_script(script_name, ns)

00465     def __iter__(self):
        """Yield distributions for non-duplicate projects in the working set

        The yield order is the order in which the items' path entries were
        added to the working set.
        seen = {}
        for item in self.entries:
            for key in self.entry_keys[item]:
                if key not in seen:
                    yield self.by_key[key]

00478     def add(self, dist, entry=None, insert=True):
        """Add `dist` to working set, associated with `entry`

        If `entry` is unspecified, it defaults to the ``.location`` of `dist`.
        On exit from this routine, `entry` is added to the end of the working
        set's ``.entries`` (if it wasn't already present).

        `dist` is only added to the working set if it's for a project that
        doesn't already have a distribution in the set.  If it's added, any
        callbacks registered with the ``subscribe()`` method will be called.
        if insert:
            dist.insert_on(self.entries, entry)

        if entry is None:
            entry = dist.location
        keys = self.entry_keys.setdefault(entry,[])
        keys2 = self.entry_keys.setdefault(dist.location,[])
        if dist.key in self.by_key:
            return      # ignore hidden distros

        self.by_key[dist.key] = dist
        if dist.key not in keys:
        if dist.key not in keys2:

00506     def resolve(self, requirements, env=None, installer=None, replacement=True):
        """List all distributions needed to (recursively) meet `requirements`

        `requirements` must be a sequence of ``Requirement`` objects.  `env`,
        if supplied, should be an ``Environment`` instance.  If
        not supplied, it defaults to all distributions available within any
        entry or distribution in the working set.  `installer`, if supplied,
        will be invoked with each requirement that cannot be met by an
        already-installed distribution; it should return a ``Distribution`` or

        requirements = list(requirements)[::-1]  # set up the stack
        processed = {}  # set of processed requirements
        best = {}  # key -> dist
        to_activate = []

        while requirements:
            req = requirements.pop(0)   # process dependencies breadth-first
            if _override_setuptools(req) and replacement:
                req = Requirement.parse('distribute')

            if req in processed:
                # Ignore cyclic or redundant dependencies
            dist = best.get(req.key)
            if dist is None:
                # Find the best distribution and add it to the map
                dist = self.by_key.get(req.key)
                if dist is None:
                    if env is None:
                        env = Environment(self.entries)
                    dist = best[req.key] = env.best_match(req, self, installer)
                    if dist is None:
                        #msg = ("The '%s' distribution was not found on this "
                        #       "system, and is required by this application.")
                        #raise DistributionNotFound(msg % req)

                        # unfortunately, zc.buildout uses a str(err)
                        # to get the name of the distribution here..
                        raise DistributionNotFound(req)
            if dist not in req:
                # Oops, the "best" so far conflicts with a dependency
                raise VersionConflict(dist,req) # XXX put more info here
            processed[req] = True

        return to_activate    # return list of distros to activate

00556     def find_plugins(self,
        plugin_env, full_env=None, installer=None, fallback=True
        """Find all activatable distributions in `plugin_env`

        Example usage::

            distributions, errors = working_set.find_plugins(
            map(working_set.add, distributions)  # add plugins+libs to sys.path
            print 'Could not load', errors        # display errors

        The `plugin_env` should be an ``Environment`` instance that contains
        only distributions that are in the project's "plugin directory" or
        directories. The `full_env`, if supplied, should be an ``Environment``
        contains all currently-available distributions.  If `full_env` is not
        supplied, one is created automatically from the ``WorkingSet`` this
        method is called on, which will typically mean that every directory on
        ``sys.path`` will be scanned for distributions.

        `installer` is a standard installer callback as used by the
        ``resolve()`` method. The `fallback` flag indicates whether we should
        attempt to resolve older versions of a plugin if the newest version
        cannot be resolved.

        This method returns a 2-tuple: (`distributions`, `error_info`), where
        `distributions` is a list of the distributions found in `plugin_env`
        that were loadable, along with any other distributions that are needed
        to resolve their dependencies.  `error_info` is a dictionary mapping
        unloadable plugin distributions to an exception instance describing the
        error that occurred. Usually this will be a ``DistributionNotFound`` or
        ``VersionConflict`` instance.

        plugin_projects = list(plugin_env)
        plugin_projects.sort()  # scan project names in alphabetic order

        error_info = {}
        distributions = {}

        if full_env is None:
            env = Environment(self.entries)
            env += plugin_env
            env = full_env + plugin_env

        shadow_set = self.__class__([])
        map(shadow_set.add, self)   # put all our entries in shadow_set

        for project_name in plugin_projects:

            for dist in plugin_env[project_name]:

                req = [dist.as_requirement()]

                    resolvees = shadow_set.resolve(req, env, installer)

                except ResolutionError,v:
                    error_info[dist] = v    # save error info
                    if fallback:
                        continue    # try the next older version of project
                        break       # give up on this project, keep going

                    map(shadow_set.add, resolvees)

                    # success, no need to try any more versions of this project

        distributions = list(distributions)

        return distributions, error_info

00638     def require(self, *requirements):
        """Ensure that distributions matching `requirements` are activated

        `requirements` must be a string or a (possibly-nested) sequence
        thereof, specifying the distributions and versions required.  The
        return value is a sequence of the distributions that needed to be
        activated to fulfill the requirements; all relevant distributions are
        included, even if they were already activated in this working set.

        needed = self.resolve(parse_requirements(requirements))

        for dist in needed:

        return needed

00656     def subscribe(self, callback):
        """Invoke `callback` for all distributions (including existing ones)"""
        if callback in self.callbacks:
        for dist in self:

    def _added_new(self, dist):
        for callback in self.callbacks:

00679 class Environment(object):
    """Searchable snapshot of distributions on a search path"""

00682     def __init__(self, search_path=None, platform=get_supported_platform(), python=PY_MAJOR):
        """Snapshot distributions available on a search path

        Any distributions found on `search_path` are added to the environment.
        `search_path` should be a sequence of ``sys.path`` items.  If not
        supplied, ``sys.path`` is used.

        `platform` is an optional string specifying the name of the platform
        that platform-specific distributions must be compatible with.  If
        unspecified, it defaults to the current platform.  `python` is an
        optional string naming the desired version of Python (e.g. ``'2.4'``);
        it defaults to the current version.

        You may explicitly set `platform` (and/or `python`) to ``None`` if you
        wish to map *all* distributions, not just those compatible with the
        running platform or Python version.
        self._distmap = {}
        self._cache = {}
        self.platform = platform
        self.python = python

00705     def can_add(self, dist):
        """Is distribution `dist` acceptable for this environment?

        The distribution must match the platform and python version
        requirements specified when this environment was created, or False
        is returned.
        return (self.python is None or dist.py_version is None
            or dist.py_version==self.python) \
           and compatible_platforms(dist.platform,self.platform)

00716     def remove(self, dist):
        """Remove `dist` from the environment"""

00720     def scan(self, search_path=None):
        """Scan `search_path` for distributions usable in this environment

        Any distributions found are added to the environment.
        `search_path` should be a sequence of ``sys.path`` items.  If not
        supplied, ``sys.path`` is used.  Only distributions conforming to
        the platform/python version defined at initialization are added.
        if search_path is None:
            search_path = sys.path

        for item in search_path:
            for dist in find_distributions(item):

00735     def __getitem__(self,project_name):
        """Return a newest-to-oldest list of distributions for `project_name`
            return self._cache[project_name]
        except KeyError:
            project_name = project_name.lower()
            if project_name not in self._distmap:
                return []

        if project_name not in self._cache:
            dists = self._cache[project_name] = self._distmap[project_name]

        return self._cache[project_name]

00751     def add(self,dist):
        """Add `dist` if we ``can_add()`` it and it isn't already added"""
        if self.can_add(dist) and dist.has_version():
            dists = self._distmap.setdefault(dist.key,[])
            if dist not in dists:
                if dist.key in self._cache:

00761     def best_match(self, req, working_set, installer=None):
        """Find distribution best matching `req` and usable on `working_set`

        This calls the ``find(req)`` method of the `working_set` to see if a
        suitable distribution is already active.  (This may raise
        ``VersionConflict`` if an unsuitable version of the project is already
        active in the specified `working_set`.)  If a suitable distribution
        isn't active, this method returns the newest distribution in the
        environment that meets the ``Requirement`` in `req`.  If no suitable
        distribution is found, and `installer` is supplied, then the result of
        calling the environment's ``obtain(req, installer)`` method will be
        dist = working_set.find(req)
        if dist is not None:
            return dist
        for dist in self[req.key]:
            if dist in req:
                return dist
        return self.obtain(req, installer) # try and download/install

00782     def obtain(self, requirement, installer=None):
        """Obtain a distribution matching `requirement` (e.g. via download)

        Obtain a distro that matches requirement (e.g. via download).  In the
        base ``Environment`` class, this routine just returns
        ``installer(requirement)``, unless `installer` is None, in which case
        None is returned instead.  This method is a hook that allows subclasses
        to attempt other ways of obtaining a distribution before falling back
        to the `installer` argument."""
        if installer is not None:
            return installer(requirement)

00794     def __iter__(self):
        """Yield the unique project names of the available distributions"""
        for key in self._distmap.keys():
            if self[key]: yield key

00802     def __iadd__(self, other):
        """In-place addition of a distribution or environment"""
        if isinstance(other,Distribution):
        elif isinstance(other,Environment):
            for project in other:
                for dist in other[project]:
            raise TypeError("Can't add %r to environment" % (other,))
        return self

00814     def __add__(self, other):
        """Add an environment or distribution to an environment"""
        new = self.__class__([], platform=None, python=None)
        for env in self, other:
            new += env
        return new

AvailableDistributions = Environment    # XXX backward compatibility

00825 class ExtractionError(RuntimeError):
    """An error occurred extracting a resource

    The following attributes are available from instances of this exception:

        The resource manager that raised this exception

        The base directory for resource extraction

        The exception instance that caused extraction to fail

00843 class ResourceManager:
    """Manage resource extraction and packages"""
00845     extraction_path = None

    def __init__(self):
        self.cached_files = {}

00850     def resource_exists(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """Does the named resource exist?"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).has_resource(resource_name)

00854     def resource_isdir(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """Is the named resource an existing directory?"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).resource_isdir(

00860     def resource_filename(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """Return a true filesystem path for specified resource"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).get_resource_filename(
            self, resource_name

00866     def resource_stream(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """Return a readable file-like object for specified resource"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).get_resource_stream(
            self, resource_name

00872     def resource_string(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """Return specified resource as a string"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).get_resource_string(
            self, resource_name

00878     def resource_listdir(self, package_or_requirement, resource_name):
        """List the contents of the named resource directory"""
        return get_provider(package_or_requirement).resource_listdir(

00884     def extraction_error(self):
        """Give an error message for problems extracting file(s)"""

        old_exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
        cache_path = self.extraction_path or get_default_cache()

        err = ExtractionError("""Can't extract file(s) to egg cache

The following error occurred while trying to extract file(s) to the Python egg


The Python egg cache directory is currently set to:


Perhaps your account does not have write access to this directory?  You can
change the cache directory by setting the PYTHON_EGG_CACHE environment
variable to point to an accessible directory.
"""         % (old_exc, cache_path)
        err.manager        = self
        err.cache_path     = cache_path
        err.original_error = old_exc
        raise err

00925     def get_cache_path(self, archive_name, names=()):
        """Return absolute location in cache for `archive_name` and `names`

        The parent directory of the resulting path will be created if it does
        not already exist.  `archive_name` should be the base filename of the
        enclosing egg (which may not be the name of the enclosing zipfile!),
        including its ".egg" extension.  `names`, if provided, should be a
        sequence of path name parts "under" the egg's extraction location.

        This method should only be called by resource providers that need to
        obtain an extraction location, and only for names they intend to
        extract, as it tracks the generated names for possible cleanup later.
        extract_path = self.extraction_path or get_default_cache()
        target_path = os.path.join(extract_path, archive_name+'-tmp', *names)

        self.cached_files[target_path] = 1
        return target_path

00966     def postprocess(self, tempname, filename):
        """Perform any platform-specific postprocessing of `tempname`

        This is where Mac header rewrites should be done; other platforms don't
        have anything special they should do.

        Resource providers should call this method ONLY after successfully
        extracting a compressed resource.  They must NOT call it on resources
        that are already in the filesystem.

        `tempname` is the current (temporary) name of the file, and `filename`
        is the name it will be renamed to by the caller after this routine

        if os.name == 'posix':
            # Make the resource executable
            mode = ((os.stat(tempname).st_mode) | 0555) & 07777
            os.chmod(tempname, mode)

01007     def set_extraction_path(self, path):
        """Set the base path where resources will be extracted to, if needed.

        If you do not call this routine before any extractions take place, the
        path defaults to the return value of ``get_default_cache()``.  (Which
        is based on the ``PYTHON_EGG_CACHE`` environment variable, with various
        platform-specific fallbacks.  See that routine's documentation for more

        Resources are extracted to subdirectories of this path based upon
        information given by the ``IResourceProvider``.  You may set this to a
        temporary directory, but then you must call ``cleanup_resources()`` to
        delete the extracted files when done.  There is no guarantee that
        ``cleanup_resources()`` will be able to remove all extracted files.

        (Note: you may not change the extraction path for a given resource
        manager once resources have been extracted, unless you first call
        if self.cached_files:
            raise ValueError(
                "Can't change extraction path, files already extracted"

        self.extraction_path = path

01033     def cleanup_resources(self, force=False):
        Delete all extracted resource files and directories, returning a list
        of the file and directory names that could not be successfully removed.
        This function does not have any concurrency protection, so it should
        generally only be called when the extraction path is a temporary
        directory exclusive to a single process.  This method is not
        automatically called; you must call it explicitly or register it as an
        ``atexit`` function if you wish to ensure cleanup of a temporary
        directory used for extractions.
        # XXX

01048 def get_default_cache():
    """Determine the default cache location

    This returns the ``PYTHON_EGG_CACHE`` environment variable, if set.
    Otherwise, on Windows, it returns a "Python-Eggs" subdirectory of the
    "Application Data" directory.  On all other systems, it's "~/.python-eggs".
        return os.environ['PYTHON_EGG_CACHE']
    except KeyError:

    if os.name!='nt':
        return os.path.expanduser('~/.python-eggs')

    app_data = 'Application Data'   # XXX this may be locale-specific!
    app_homes = [
        (('APPDATA',), None),       # best option, should be locale-safe
        (('USERPROFILE',), app_data),
        (('HOMEDRIVE','HOMEPATH'), app_data),
        (('HOMEPATH',), app_data),
        (('HOME',), None),
        (('WINDIR',), app_data),    # 95/98/ME

    for keys, subdir in app_homes:
        dirname = ''
        for key in keys:
            if key in os.environ:
                dirname = os.path.join(dirname, os.environ[key])
            if subdir:
                dirname = os.path.join(dirname,subdir)
            return os.path.join(dirname, 'Python-Eggs')
        raise RuntimeError(
            "Please set the PYTHON_EGG_CACHE enviroment variable"

01089 def safe_name(name):
    """Convert an arbitrary string to a standard distribution name

    Any runs of non-alphanumeric/. characters are replaced with a single '-'.
    return re.sub('[^A-Za-z0-9.]+', '-', name)

01097 def safe_version(version):
    """Convert an arbitrary string to a standard version string

    Spaces become dots, and all other non-alphanumeric characters become
    dashes, with runs of multiple dashes condensed to a single dash.
    version = version.replace(' ','.')
    return re.sub('[^A-Za-z0-9.]+', '-', version)

01107 def safe_extra(extra):
    """Convert an arbitrary string to a standard 'extra' name

    Any runs of non-alphanumeric characters are replaced with a single '_',
    and the result is always lowercased.
    return re.sub('[^A-Za-z0-9.]+', '_', extra).lower()

01116 def to_filename(name):
    """Convert a project or version name to its filename-escaped form

    Any '-' characters are currently replaced with '_'.
    return name.replace('-','_')

01130 class NullProvider:
    """Try to implement resources and metadata for arbitrary PEP 302 loaders"""

    egg_name = None
    egg_info = None
    loader = None

    def __init__(self, module):
        self.loader = getattr(module, '__loader__', None)
        self.module_path = os.path.dirname(getattr(module, '__file__', ''))

    def get_resource_filename(self, manager, resource_name):
        return self._fn(self.module_path, resource_name)

    def get_resource_stream(self, manager, resource_name):
        return StringIO(self.get_resource_string(manager, resource_name))

    def get_resource_string(self, manager, resource_name):
        return self._get(self._fn(self.module_path, resource_name))

    def has_resource(self, resource_name):
        return self._has(self._fn(self.module_path, resource_name))

    def has_metadata(self, name):
        return self.egg_info and self._has(self._fn(self.egg_info,name))

    if sys.version_info <= (3,):
        def get_metadata(self, name):
            if not self.egg_info:
                return ""
            return self._get(self._fn(self.egg_info,name))
        def get_metadata(self, name):
            if not self.egg_info:
                return ""
            return self._get(self._fn(self.egg_info,name)).decode("utf-8")

    def get_metadata_lines(self, name):
        return yield_lines(self.get_metadata(name))

    def resource_isdir(self,resource_name):
        return self._isdir(self._fn(self.module_path, resource_name))

    def metadata_isdir(self,name):
        return self.egg_info and self._isdir(self._fn(self.egg_info,name))

    def resource_listdir(self,resource_name):
        return self._listdir(self._fn(self.module_path,resource_name))

    def metadata_listdir(self,name):
        if self.egg_info:
            return self._listdir(self._fn(self.egg_info,name))
        return []

    def run_script(self,script_name,namespace):
        script = 'scripts/'+script_name
        if not self.has_metadata(script):
            raise ResolutionError("No script named %r" % script_name)
        script_text = self.get_metadata(script).replace('\r\n','\n')
        script_text = script_text.replace('\r','\n')
        script_filename = self._fn(self.egg_info,script)
        namespace['__file__'] = script_filename
        if os.path.exists(script_filename):
            execfile(script_filename, namespace, namespace)
            from linecache import cache
            cache[script_filename] = (
                len(script_text), 0, script_text.split('\n'), script_filename
            script_code = compile(script_text,script_filename,'exec')
            exec script_code in namespace, namespace

    def _has(self, path):
        raise NotImplementedError(
            "Can't perform this operation for unregistered loader type"

    def _isdir(self, path):
        raise NotImplementedError(
            "Can't perform this operation for unregistered loader type"

    def _listdir(self, path):
        raise NotImplementedError(
            "Can't perform this operation for unregistered loader type"

    def _fn(self, base, resource_name):
        if resource_name:
            return os.path.join(base, *resource_name.split('/'))
        return base

    def _get(self, path):
        if hasattr(self.loader, 'get_data'):
            return self.loader.get_data(path)
        raise NotImplementedError(
            "Can't perform this operation for loaders without 'get_data()'"

register_loader_type(object, NullProvider)

01233 class EggProvider(NullProvider):
    """Provider based on a virtual filesystem"""

    def __init__(self,module):

    def _setup_prefix(self):
        # we assume here that our metadata may be nested inside a "basket"
        # of multiple eggs; that's why we use module_path instead of .archive
        path = self.module_path
        old = None
        while path!=old:
            if path.lower().endswith('.egg'):
                self.egg_name = os.path.basename(path)
                self.egg_info = os.path.join(path, 'EGG-INFO')
                self.egg_root = path
            old = path
            path, base = os.path.split(path)

01259 class DefaultProvider(EggProvider):
    """Provides access to package resources in the filesystem"""

    def _has(self, path):
        return os.path.exists(path)

    def _isdir(self,path):
        return os.path.isdir(path)

    def _listdir(self,path):
        return os.listdir(path)

    def get_resource_stream(self, manager, resource_name):
        return open(self._fn(self.module_path, resource_name), 'rb')

    def _get(self, path):
        stream = open(path, 'rb')
            return stream.read()

register_loader_type(type(None), DefaultProvider)

01284 class EmptyProvider(NullProvider):
    """Provider that returns nothing for all requests"""

    _isdir = _has = lambda self,path: False
    _get          = lambda self,path: ''
    _listdir      = lambda self,path: []
    module_path   = None

    def __init__(self):

empty_provider = EmptyProvider()

01300 class ZipProvider(EggProvider):
    """Resource support for zips and eggs"""

    eagers = None

    def __init__(self, module):
        self.zipinfo = zipimport._zip_directory_cache[self.loader.archive]
        self.zip_pre = self.loader.archive+os.sep

    def _zipinfo_name(self, fspath):
        # Convert a virtual filename (full path to file) into a zipfile subpath
        # usable with the zipimport directory cache for our target archive
        if fspath.startswith(self.zip_pre):
            return fspath[len(self.zip_pre):]
        raise AssertionError(
            "%s is not a subpath of %s" % (fspath,self.zip_pre)

    def _parts(self,zip_path):
        # Convert a zipfile subpath into an egg-relative path part list
        fspath = self.zip_pre+zip_path  # pseudo-fs path
        if fspath.startswith(self.egg_root+os.sep):
            return fspath[len(self.egg_root)+1:].split(os.sep)
        raise AssertionError(
            "%s is not a subpath of %s" % (fspath,self.egg_root)

    def get_resource_filename(self, manager, resource_name):
        if not self.egg_name:
            raise NotImplementedError(
                "resource_filename() only supported for .egg, not .zip"
        # no need to lock for extraction, since we use temp names
        zip_path = self._resource_to_zip(resource_name)
        eagers = self._get_eager_resources()
        if '/'.join(self._parts(zip_path)) in eagers:
            for name in eagers:
                self._extract_resource(manager, self._eager_to_zip(name))
        return self._extract_resource(manager, zip_path)

    def _extract_resource(self, manager, zip_path):

        if zip_path in self._index():
            for name in self._index()[zip_path]:
                last = self._extract_resource(
                    manager, os.path.join(zip_path, name)
            return os.path.dirname(last)  # return the extracted directory name

        zip_stat = self.zipinfo[zip_path]
        t,d,size = zip_stat[5], zip_stat[6], zip_stat[3]
        date_time = (
            (d>>9)+1980, (d>>5)&0xF, d&0x1F,                      # ymd
            (t&0xFFFF)>>11, (t>>5)&0x3F, (t&0x1F) * 2, 0, 0, -1   # hms, etc.
        timestamp = time.mktime(date_time)

            if not WRITE_SUPPORT:
                raise IOError('"os.rename" and "os.unlink" are not supported '
                              'on this platform')

            real_path = manager.get_cache_path(
                self.egg_name, self._parts(zip_path)

            if os.path.isfile(real_path):
                stat = os.stat(real_path)
                if stat.st_size==size and stat.st_mtime==timestamp:
                    # size and stamp match, don't bother extracting
                    return real_path

            outf, tmpnam = _mkstemp(".$extract", dir=os.path.dirname(real_path))
            os.write(outf, self.loader.get_data(zip_path))
            utime(tmpnam, (timestamp,timestamp))
            manager.postprocess(tmpnam, real_path)

                rename(tmpnam, real_path)

            except os.error:
                if os.path.isfile(real_path):
                    stat = os.stat(real_path)

                    if stat.st_size==size and stat.st_mtime==timestamp:
                        # size and stamp match, somebody did it just ahead of
                        # us, so we're done
                        return real_path
                    elif os.name=='nt':     # Windows, del old file and retry
                        rename(tmpnam, real_path)
                        return real_path

        except os.error:
            manager.extraction_error()  # report a user-friendly error

        return real_path

    def _get_eager_resources(self):
        if self.eagers is None:
            eagers = []
            for name in ('native_libs.txt', 'eager_resources.txt'):
                if self.has_metadata(name):
            self.eagers = eagers
        return self.eagers

    def _index(self):
            return self._dirindex
        except AttributeError:
            ind = {}
            for path in self.zipinfo:
                parts = path.split(os.sep)
                while parts:
                    parent = os.sep.join(parts[:-1])
                    if parent in ind:
                        ind[parent] = [parts.pop()]
            self._dirindex = ind
            return ind

    def _has(self, fspath):
        zip_path = self._zipinfo_name(fspath)
        return zip_path in self.zipinfo or zip_path in self._index()

    def _isdir(self,fspath):
        return self._zipinfo_name(fspath) in self._index()

    def _listdir(self,fspath):
        return list(self._index().get(self._zipinfo_name(fspath), ()))

    def _eager_to_zip(self,resource_name):
        return self._zipinfo_name(self._fn(self.egg_root,resource_name))

    def _resource_to_zip(self,resource_name):
        return self._zipinfo_name(self._fn(self.module_path,resource_name))

register_loader_type(zipimport.zipimporter, ZipProvider)

01468 class FileMetadata(EmptyProvider):
    """Metadata handler for standalone PKG-INFO files


        metadata = FileMetadata("/path/to/PKG-INFO")

    This provider rejects all data and metadata requests except for PKG-INFO,
    which is treated as existing, and will be the contents of the file at
    the provided location.

    def __init__(self,path):
        self.path = path

    def has_metadata(self,name):
        return name=='PKG-INFO'

    def get_metadata(self,name):
        if name=='PKG-INFO':
            f = open(self.path,'rU')
            metadata = f.read()
            return metadata
        raise KeyError("No metadata except PKG-INFO is available")

    def get_metadata_lines(self,name):
        return yield_lines(self.get_metadata(name))

01512 class PathMetadata(DefaultProvider):
    """Metadata provider for egg directories


        # Development eggs:

        egg_info = "/path/to/PackageName.egg-info"
        base_dir = os.path.dirname(egg_info)
        metadata = PathMetadata(base_dir, egg_info)
        dist_name = os.path.splitext(os.path.basename(egg_info))[0]
        dist = Distribution(basedir,project_name=dist_name,metadata=metadata)

        # Unpacked egg directories:

        egg_path = "/path/to/PackageName-ver-pyver-etc.egg"
        metadata = PathMetadata(egg_path, os.path.join(egg_path,'EGG-INFO'))
        dist = Distribution.from_filename(egg_path, metadata=metadata)

    def __init__(self, path, egg_info):
        self.module_path = path
        self.egg_info = egg_info

01537 class EggMetadata(ZipProvider):
    """Metadata provider for .egg files"""

01540     def __init__(self, importer):
        """Create a metadata provider from a zipimporter"""

        self.zipinfo = zipimport._zip_directory_cache[importer.archive]
        self.zip_pre = importer.archive+os.sep
        self.loader = importer
        if importer.prefix:
            self.module_path = os.path.join(importer.archive, importer.prefix)
            self.module_path = importer.archive

01553 class ImpWrapper:
    """PEP 302 Importer that wraps Python's "normal" import algorithm"""

    def __init__(self, path=None):
        self.path = path

    def find_module(self, fullname, path=None):
        subname = fullname.split(".")[-1]
        if subname != fullname and self.path is None:
            return None
        if self.path is None:
            path = None
            path = [self.path]
            file, filename, etc = imp.find_module(subname, path)
        except ImportError:
            return None
        return ImpLoader(file, filename, etc)

01574 class ImpLoader:
    """PEP 302 Loader that wraps Python's "normal" import algorithm"""

    def __init__(self, file, filename, etc):
        self.file = file
        self.filename = filename
        self.etc = etc

    def load_module(self, fullname):
            mod = imp.load_module(fullname, self.file, self.filename, self.etc)
            if self.file: self.file.close()
        # Note: we don't set __loader__ because we want the module to look
        # normal; i.e. this is just a wrapper for standard import machinery
        return mod

01594 def get_importer(path_item):
    """Retrieve a PEP 302 "importer" for the given path item

    If there is no importer, this returns a wrapper around the builtin import
    machinery.  The returned importer is only cached if it was created by a
    path hook.
        importer = sys.path_importer_cache[path_item]
    except KeyError:
        for hook in sys.path_hooks:
                importer = hook(path_item)
            except ImportError:
            importer = None

    if importer is None:
            importer = ImpWrapper(path_item)
        except ImportError:
    return importer

    from pkgutil import get_importer, ImpImporter
except ImportError:
    pass    # Python 2.3 or 2.4, use our own implementation
    ImpWrapper = ImpImporter    # Python 2.5, use pkgutil's implementation
    del ImpLoader, ImpImporter

_distribution_finders = {}

01637 def register_finder(importer_type, distribution_finder):
    """Register `distribution_finder` to find distributions in sys.path items

    `importer_type` is the type or class of a PEP 302 "Importer" (sys.path item
    handler), and `distribution_finder` is a callable that, passed a path
    item and the importer instance, yields ``Distribution`` instances found on
    that path item.  See ``pkg_resources.find_on_path`` for an example."""
    _distribution_finders[importer_type] = distribution_finder

01647 def find_distributions(path_item, only=False):
    """Yield distributions accessible via `path_item`"""
    importer = get_importer(path_item)
    finder = _find_adapter(_distribution_finders, importer)
    return finder(importer, path_item, only)

def find_in_zip(importer, path_item, only=False):
    metadata = EggMetadata(importer)
    if metadata.has_metadata('PKG-INFO'):
        yield Distribution.from_filename(path_item, metadata=metadata)
    if only:
        return  # don't yield nested distros
    for subitem in metadata.resource_listdir('/'):
        if subitem.endswith('.egg'):
            subpath = os.path.join(path_item, subitem)
            for dist in find_in_zip(zipimport.zipimporter(subpath), subpath):
                yield dist

register_finder(zipimport.zipimporter, find_in_zip)

01667 def StringIO(*args, **kw):
    """Thunk to load the real StringIO on demand"""
    global StringIO
        from cStringIO import StringIO
    except ImportError:
        from StringIO import StringIO
    return StringIO(*args,**kw)

def find_nothing(importer, path_item, only=False):
    return ()

01680 def find_on_path(importer, path_item, only=False):
    """Yield distributions accessible on a sys.path directory"""
    path_item = _normalize_cached(path_item)

    if os.path.isdir(path_item) and os.access(path_item, os.R_OK):
        if path_item.lower().endswith('.egg'):
            # unpacked egg
            yield Distribution.from_filename(
                path_item, metadata=PathMetadata(
                    path_item, os.path.join(path_item,'EGG-INFO')
            # scan for .egg and .egg-info in directory
            for entry in os.listdir(path_item):
                lower = entry.lower()
                if lower.endswith('.egg-info'):
                    fullpath = os.path.join(path_item, entry)
                    if os.path.isdir(fullpath):
                        # egg-info directory, allow getting metadata
                        metadata = PathMetadata(path_item, fullpath)
                        metadata = FileMetadata(fullpath)
                    yield Distribution.from_location(
                elif not only and lower.endswith('.egg'):
                    for dist in find_distributions(os.path.join(path_item, entry)):
                        yield dist
                elif not only and lower.endswith('.egg-link'):
                    for line in open(os.path.join(path_item, entry)):
                        if not line.strip(): continue
                        for item in find_distributions(os.path.join(path_item,line.rstrip())):
                            yield item

_namespace_handlers = {}
_namespace_packages = {}

01720 def register_namespace_handler(importer_type, namespace_handler):
    """Register `namespace_handler` to declare namespace packages

    `importer_type` is the type or class of a PEP 302 "Importer" (sys.path item
    handler), and `namespace_handler` is a callable like this::

        def namespace_handler(importer,path_entry,moduleName,module):
            # return a path_entry to use for child packages

    Namespace handlers are only called if the importer object has already
    agreed that it can handle the relevant path item, and they should only
    return a subpath if the module __path__ does not already contain an
    equivalent subpath.  For an example namespace handler, see
    _namespace_handlers[importer_type] = namespace_handler

01737 def _handle_ns(packageName, path_item):
    """Ensure that named package includes a subpath of path_item (if needed)"""
    importer = get_importer(path_item)
    if importer is None:
        return None
    loader = importer.find_module(packageName)
    if loader is None:
        return None
    module = sys.modules.get(packageName)
    if module is None:
        module = sys.modules[packageName] = types.ModuleType(packageName)
        module.__path__ = []; _set_parent_ns(packageName)
    elif not hasattr(module,'__path__'):
        raise TypeError("Not a package:", packageName)
    handler = _find_adapter(_namespace_handlers, importer)
    subpath = handler(importer,path_item,packageName,module)
    if subpath is not None:
        path = module.__path__; path.append(subpath)
        loader.load_module(packageName); module.__path__ = path
    return subpath

01758 def declare_namespace(packageName):
    """Declare that package 'packageName' is a namespace package"""

        if packageName in _namespace_packages:

        path, parent = sys.path, None
        if '.' in packageName:
            parent = '.'.join(packageName.split('.')[:-1])
                path = sys.modules[parent].__path__
            except AttributeError:
                raise TypeError("Not a package:", parent)

        # Track what packages are namespaces, so when new path items are added,
        # they can be updated

        for path_item in path:
            # Ensure all the parent's path items are reflected in the child,
            # if they apply
            _handle_ns(packageName, path_item)


01789 def fixup_namespace_packages(path_item, parent=None):
    """Ensure that previously-declared namespace packages include path_item"""
        for package in _namespace_packages.get(parent,()):
            subpath = _handle_ns(package, path_item)
            if subpath: fixup_namespace_packages(subpath,package)

01799 def file_ns_handler(importer, path_item, packageName, module):
    """Compute an ns-package subpath for a filesystem or zipfile importer"""

    subpath = os.path.join(path_item, packageName.split('.')[-1])
    normalized = _normalize_cached(subpath)
    for item in module.__path__:
        if _normalize_cached(item)==normalized:
        # Only return the path if it's not already there
        return subpath


def null_ns_handler(importer, path_item, packageName, module):
    return None


01821 def normalize_path(filename):
    """Normalize a file/dir name for comparison purposes"""
    return os.path.normcase(os.path.realpath(filename))

def _normalize_cached(filename,_cache={}):
        return _cache[filename]
    except KeyError:
        _cache[filename] = result = normalize_path(filename)
        return result

def _set_parent_ns(packageName):
    parts = packageName.split('.')
    name = parts.pop()
    if parts:
        parent = '.'.join(parts)
        setattr(sys.modules[parent], name, sys.modules[packageName])

01840 def yield_lines(strs):
    """Yield non-empty/non-comment lines of a ``basestring`` or sequence"""
    if isinstance(strs,basestring):
        for s in strs.splitlines():
            s = s.strip()
            if s and not s.startswith('#'):     # skip blank lines/comments
                yield s
        for ss in strs:
            for s in yield_lines(ss):
                yield s

LINE_END = re.compile(r"\s*(#.*)?$").match         # whitespace and comment
CONTINUE = re.compile(r"\s*\\\s*(#.*)?$").match    # line continuation
DISTRO   = re.compile(r"\s*((\w|[-.])+)").match    # Distribution or extra
VERSION  = re.compile(r"\s*(<=?|>=?|==|!=)\s*((\w|[-.])+)").match  # ver. info
COMMA    = re.compile(r"\s*,").match               # comma between items
OBRACKET = re.compile(r"\s*\[").match
CBRACKET = re.compile(r"\s*\]").match
MODULE   = re.compile(r"\w+(\.\w+)*$").match
EGG_NAME = re.compile(
    r"( -(?P<ver>[^-]+) (-py(?P<pyver>[^-]+) (-(?P<plat>.+))? )? )?",

component_re = re.compile(r'(\d+ | [a-z]+ | \.| -)', re.VERBOSE)
replace = {'pre':'c', 'preview':'c','-':'final-','rc':'c','dev':'@'}.get

def _parse_version_parts(s):
    for part in component_re.split(s):
        part = replace(part,part)
        if not part or part=='.':
        if part[:1] in '0123456789':
            yield part.zfill(8)    # pad for numeric comparison
            yield '*'+part

    yield '*final'  # ensure that alpha/beta/candidate are before final

01881 def parse_version(s):
    """Convert a version string to a chronologically-sortable key

    This is a rough cross between distutils' StrictVersion and LooseVersion;
    if you give it versions that would work with StrictVersion, then it behaves
    the same; otherwise it acts like a slightly-smarter LooseVersion. It is
    *possible* to create pathological version coding schemes that will fool
    this parser, but they should be very rare in practice.

    The returned value will be a tuple of strings.  Numeric portions of the
    version are padded to 8 digits so they will compare numerically, but
    without relying on how numbers compare relative to strings.  Dots are
    dropped, but dashes are retained.  Trailing zeros between alpha segments
    or dashes are suppressed, so that e.g. "2.4.0" is considered the same as
    "2.4". Alphanumeric parts are lower-cased.

    The algorithm assumes that strings like "-" and any alpha string that
    alphabetically follows "final"  represents a "patch level".  So, "2.4-1"
    is assumed to be a branch or patch of "2.4", and therefore "2.4.1" is
    considered newer than "2.4-1", which in turn is newer than "2.4".

    Strings like "a", "b", "c", "alpha", "beta", "candidate" and so on (that
    come before "final" alphabetically) are assumed to be pre-release versions,
    so that the version "2.4" is considered newer than "2.4a1".

    Finally, to handle miscellaneous cases, the strings "pre", "preview", and
    "rc" are treated as if they were "c", i.e. as though they were release
    candidates, and therefore are not as new as a version string that does not
    contain them, and "dev" is replaced with an '@' so that it sorts lower than
    than any other pre-release tag.
    parts = []
    for part in _parse_version_parts(s.lower()):
        if part.startswith('*'):
            if part<'*final':   # remove '-' before a prerelease tag
                while parts and parts[-1]=='*final-': parts.pop()
            # remove trailing zeros from each series of numeric parts
            while parts and parts[-1]=='00000000':
    return tuple(parts)

01923 class EntryPoint(object):
    """Object representing an advertised importable object"""

    def __init__(self, name, module_name, attrs=(), extras=(), dist=None):
        if not MODULE(module_name):
            raise ValueError("Invalid module name", module_name)
        self.name = name
        self.module_name = module_name
        self.attrs = tuple(attrs)
        self.extras = Requirement.parse(("x[%s]" % ','.join(extras))).extras
        self.dist = dist

    def __str__(self):
        s = "%s = %s" % (self.name, self.module_name)
        if self.attrs:
            s += ':' + '.'.join(self.attrs)
        if self.extras:
            s += ' [%s]' % ','.join(self.extras)
        return s

    def __repr__(self):
        return "EntryPoint.parse(%r)" % str(self)

    def load(self, require=True, env=None, installer=None):
        if require: self.require(env, installer)
        entry = __import__(self.module_name, globals(),globals(), ['__name__'])
        for attr in self.attrs:
                entry = getattr(entry,attr)
            except AttributeError:
                raise ImportError("%r has no %r attribute" % (entry,attr))
        return entry

    def require(self, env=None, installer=None):
        if self.extras and not self.dist:
            raise UnknownExtra("Can't require() without a distribution", self)

01965     def parse(cls, src, dist=None):
        """Parse a single entry point from string `src`

        Entry point syntax follows the form::

            name = some.module:some.attr [extra1,extra2]

        The entry name and module name are required, but the ``:attrs`` and
        ``[extras]`` parts are optional
            attrs = extras = ()
            name,value = src.split('=',1)
            if '[' in value:
                value,extras = value.split('[',1)
                req = Requirement.parse("x["+extras)
                if req.specs: raise ValueError
                extras = req.extras
            if ':' in value:
                value,attrs = value.split(':',1)
                if not MODULE(attrs.rstrip()):
                    raise ValueError
                attrs = attrs.rstrip().split('.')
        except ValueError:
            raise ValueError(
                "EntryPoint must be in 'name=module:attrs [extras]' format",
            return cls(name.strip(), value.strip(), attrs, extras, dist)

    parse = classmethod(parse)

02006     def parse_group(cls, group, lines, dist=None):
        """Parse an entry point group"""
        if not MODULE(group):
            raise ValueError("Invalid group name", group)
        this = {}
        for line in yield_lines(lines):
            ep = cls.parse(line, dist)
            if ep.name in this:
                raise ValueError("Duplicate entry point", group, ep.name)
        return this

    parse_group = classmethod(parse_group)

02021     def parse_map(cls, data, dist=None):
        """Parse a map of entry point groups"""
        if isinstance(data,dict):
            data = data.items()
            data = split_sections(data)
        maps = {}
        for group, lines in data:
            if group is None:
                if not lines:
                raise ValueError("Entry points must be listed in groups")
            group = group.strip()
            if group in maps:
                raise ValueError("Duplicate group name", group)
            maps[group] = cls.parse_group(group, lines, dist)
        return maps

    parse_map = classmethod(parse_map)

02046 class Distribution(object):
    """Wrap an actual or potential sys.path entry w/metadata"""
    def __init__(self,
        location=None, metadata=None, project_name=None, version=None,
        py_version=PY_MAJOR, platform=None, precedence = EGG_DIST
        self.project_name = safe_name(project_name or 'Unknown')
        if version is not None:
            self._version = safe_version(version)
        self.py_version = py_version
        self.platform = platform
        self.location = location
        self.precedence = precedence
        self._provider = metadata or empty_provider

    def from_location(cls,location,basename,metadata=None,**kw):
        project_name, version, py_version, platform = [None]*4
        basename, ext = os.path.splitext(basename)
        if ext.lower() in (".egg",".egg-info"):
            match = EGG_NAME(basename)
            if match:
                project_name, version, py_version, platform = match.group(
        return cls(
            location, metadata, project_name=project_name, version=version,
            py_version=py_version, platform=platform, **kw
    from_location = classmethod(from_location)

    hashcmp = property(
        lambda self: (
            getattr(self,'parsed_version',()), self.precedence, self.key,
            -len(self.location or ''), self.location, self.py_version,
    def __hash__(self): return hash(self.hashcmp)
    def __lt__(self, other):
        return self.hashcmp < other.hashcmp
    def __le__(self, other):
        return self.hashcmp <= other.hashcmp
    def __gt__(self, other):
        return self.hashcmp > other.hashcmp
    def __ge__(self, other):
        return self.hashcmp >= other.hashcmp
    def __eq__(self, other):
        if not isinstance(other, self.__class__):
            # It's not a Distribution, so they are not equal
            return False
        return self.hashcmp == other.hashcmp
    def __ne__(self, other):
        return not self == other

    # These properties have to be lazy so that we don't have to load any
    # metadata until/unless it's actually needed.  (i.e., some distributions
    # may not know their name or version without loading PKG-INFO)

    def key(self):
            return self._key
        except AttributeError:
            self._key = key = self.project_name.lower()
            return key
    key = property(key)

    def parsed_version(self):
            return self._parsed_version
        except AttributeError:
            self._parsed_version = pv = parse_version(self.version)
            return pv

    parsed_version = property(parsed_version)

    def version(self):
            return self._version
        except AttributeError:
            for line in self._get_metadata('PKG-INFO'):
                if line.lower().startswith('version:'):
                    self._version = safe_version(line.split(':',1)[1].strip())
                    return self._version
                raise ValueError(
                    "Missing 'Version:' header and/or PKG-INFO file", self
    version = property(version)

    def _dep_map(self):
            return self.__dep_map
        except AttributeError:
            dm = self.__dep_map = {None: []}
            for name in 'requires.txt', 'depends.txt':
                for extra,reqs in split_sections(self._get_metadata(name)):
                    if extra: extra = safe_extra(extra)
            return dm
    _dep_map = property(_dep_map)

02155     def requires(self,extras=()):
        """List of Requirements needed for this distro if `extras` are used"""
        dm = self._dep_map
        deps = []
        for ext in extras:
            except KeyError:
                raise UnknownExtra(
                    "%s has no such extra feature %r" % (self, ext)
        return deps

    def _get_metadata(self,name):
        if self.has_metadata(name):
            for line in self.get_metadata_lines(name):
                yield line

02174     def activate(self,path=None):
        """Ensure distribution is importable on `path` (default=sys.path)"""
        if path is None: path = sys.path
        if path is sys.path:
            map(declare_namespace, self._get_metadata('namespace_packages.txt'))

02183     def egg_name(self):
        """Return what this distribution's standard .egg filename should be"""
        filename = "%s-%s-py%s" % (
            to_filename(self.project_name), to_filename(self.version),
            self.py_version or PY_MAJOR

        if self.platform:
            filename += '-'+self.platform
        return filename

    def __repr__(self):
        if self.location:
            return "%s (%s)" % (self,self.location)
            return str(self)

    def __str__(self):
        try: version = getattr(self,'version',None)
        except ValueError: version = None
        version = version or "[unknown version]"
        return "%s %s" % (self.project_name,version)

02206     def __getattr__(self,attr):
        """Delegate all unrecognized public attributes to .metadata provider"""
        if attr.startswith('_'):
            raise AttributeError,attr
        return getattr(self._provider, attr)

    def from_filename(cls,filename,metadata=None, **kw):
        return cls.from_location(
            _normalize_cached(filename), os.path.basename(filename), metadata,
    from_filename = classmethod(from_filename)

02220     def as_requirement(self):
        """Return a ``Requirement`` that matches this distribution exactly"""
        return Requirement.parse('%s==%s' % (self.project_name, self.version))

02224     def load_entry_point(self, group, name):
        """Return the `name` entry point of `group` or raise ImportError"""
        ep = self.get_entry_info(group,name)
        if ep is None:
            raise ImportError("Entry point %r not found" % ((group,name),))
        return ep.load()

02231     def get_entry_map(self, group=None):
        """Return the entry point map for `group`, or the full entry map"""
            ep_map = self._ep_map
        except AttributeError:
            ep_map = self._ep_map = EntryPoint.parse_map(
                self._get_metadata('entry_points.txt'), self
        if group is not None:
            return ep_map.get(group,{})
        return ep_map

02243     def get_entry_info(self, group, name):
        """Return the EntryPoint object for `group`+`name`, or ``None``"""
        return self.get_entry_map(group).get(name)

02265     def insert_on(self, path, loc = None):
        """Insert self.location in path before its nearest parent directory"""

        loc = loc or self.location

        if self.project_name == 'setuptools':
                version = self.version
            except ValueError:
                version = ''
            if '0.7' in version:
                raise ValueError(
                    "A 0.7-series setuptools cannot be installed "
                    "with distribute. Found one at %s" % str(self.location))

        if not loc:

        if path is sys.path:

        nloc = _normalize_cached(loc)
        bdir = os.path.dirname(nloc)
        npath= map(_normalize_cached, path)

        bp = None
        for p, item in enumerate(npath):
            if item==nloc:
            elif item==bdir and self.precedence==EGG_DIST:
                # if it's an .egg, give it precedence over its directory
                path.insert(p, loc)
                npath.insert(p, nloc)

        # p is the spot where we found or inserted loc; now remove duplicates
        while 1:
                np = npath.index(nloc, p+1)
            except ValueError:
                del npath[np], path[np]
                p = np  # ha!


    def check_version_conflict(self):
        if self.key=='distribute':
            return      # ignore the inevitable setuptools self-conflicts  :(

        nsp = dict.fromkeys(self._get_metadata('namespace_packages.txt'))
        loc = normalize_path(self.location)
        for modname in self._get_metadata('top_level.txt'):
            if (modname not in sys.modules or modname in nsp
                or modname in _namespace_packages
            if modname in ('pkg_resources', 'setuptools', 'site'):
            fn = getattr(sys.modules[modname], '__file__', None)
            if fn and normalize_path(fn).startswith(loc):
                "Module %s was already imported from %s, but %s is being added"
                " to sys.path" % (modname, fn, self.location),

    def has_version(self):
        except ValueError:
            issue_warning("Unbuilt egg for "+repr(self))
            return False
        return True

02346     def clone(self,**kw):
        """Copy this distribution, substituting in any changed keyword args"""
        for attr in (
            'project_name', 'version', 'py_version', 'platform', 'location',
            kw.setdefault(attr, getattr(self,attr,None))
        kw.setdefault('metadata', self._provider)
        return self.__class__(**kw)

    def extras(self):
        return [dep for dep in self._dep_map if dep]
    extras = property(extras)

def issue_warning(*args,**kw):
    level = 1
    g = globals()
        # find the first stack frame that is *not* code in
        # the pkg_resources module, to use for the warning
        while sys._getframe(level).f_globals is g:
            level += 1
    except ValueError:
    from warnings import warn
    warn(stacklevel = level+1, *args, **kw)

02400 def parse_requirements(strs):
    """Yield ``Requirement`` objects for each specification in `strs`

    `strs` must be an instance of ``basestring``, or a (possibly-nested)
    iterable thereof.
    # create a steppable iterator, so we can handle \-continuations
    lines = iter(yield_lines(strs))

    def scan_list(ITEM,TERMINATOR,line,p,groups,item_name):

        items = []

        while not TERMINATOR(line,p):
            if CONTINUE(line,p):
                    line = lines.next(); p = 0
                except StopIteration:
                    raise ValueError(
                        "\\ must not appear on the last nonblank line"

            match = ITEM(line,p)
            if not match:
                raise ValueError("Expected "+item_name+" in",line,"at",line[p:])

            p = match.end()

            match = COMMA(line,p)
            if match:
                p = match.end() # skip the comma
            elif not TERMINATOR(line,p):
                raise ValueError(
                    "Expected ',' or end-of-list in",line,"at",line[p:]

        match = TERMINATOR(line,p)
        if match: p = match.end()   # skip the terminator, if any
        return line, p, items

    for line in lines:
        match = DISTRO(line)
        if not match:
            raise ValueError("Missing distribution spec", line)
        project_name = match.group(1)
        p = match.end()
        extras = []

        match = OBRACKET(line,p)
        if match:
            p = match.end()
            line, p, extras = scan_list(
                DISTRO, CBRACKET, line, p, (1,), "'extra' name"

        line, p, specs = scan_list(VERSION,LINE_END,line,p,(1,2),"version spec")
        specs = [(op,safe_version(val)) for op,val in specs]
        yield Requirement(project_name, specs, extras)

def _sort_dists(dists):
    tmp = [(dist.hashcmp,dist) for dist in dists]
    dists[::-1] = [d for hc,d in tmp]

class Requirement:
    def __init__(self, project_name, specs, extras):
        """DO NOT CALL THIS UNDOCUMENTED METHOD; use Requirement.parse()!"""
        self.unsafe_name, project_name = project_name, safe_name(project_name)
        self.project_name, self.key = project_name, project_name.lower()
        index = [(parse_version(v),state_machine[op],op,v) for op,v in specs]
        self.specs = [(op,ver) for parsed,trans,op,ver in index]
        self.index, self.extras = index, tuple(map(safe_extra,extras))
        self.hashCmp = (
            self.key, tuple([(op,parsed) for parsed,trans,op,ver in index]),
        self.__hash = hash(self.hashCmp)

    def __str__(self):
        specs = ','.join([''.join(s) for s in self.specs])
        extras = ','.join(self.extras)
        if extras: extras = '[%s]' % extras
        return '%s%s%s' % (self.project_name, extras, specs)

    def __eq__(self,other):
        return isinstance(other,Requirement) and self.hashCmp==other.hashCmp

    def __contains__(self,item):
        if isinstance(item,Distribution):
            if item.key <> self.key: return False
            if self.index: item = item.parsed_version  # only get if we need it
        elif isinstance(item,basestring):
            item = parse_version(item)
        last = None
        compare = lambda a, b: (a > b) - (a < b) # -1, 0, 1
        for parsed,trans,op,ver in self.index:
            action = trans[compare(item,parsed)] # Indexing: 0, 1, -1
            if action=='F':     return False
            elif action=='T':   return True
            elif action=='+':   last = True
            elif action=='-' or last is None:   last = False
        if last is None: last = True    # no rules encountered
        return last

    def __hash__(self):
        return self.__hash

    def __repr__(self): return "Requirement.parse(%r)" % str(self)

    def parse(s, replacement=True):
        reqs = list(parse_requirements(s))
        if reqs:
            if len(reqs) == 1:
                founded_req = reqs[0]
                # if asked for setuptools distribution
                # and if distribute is installed, we want to give
                # distribute instead
                if _override_setuptools(founded_req) and replacement:
                    distribute = list(parse_requirements('distribute'))
                    if len(distribute) == 1:
                        return distribute[0]
                    return founded_req
                    return founded_req

            raise ValueError("Expected only one requirement", s)
        raise ValueError("No requirements found", s)

    parse = staticmethod(parse)

state_machine = {
    #       =><
    '<' :  '--T',
    '<=':  'T-T',
    '>' :  'F+F',
    '>=':  'T+F',
    '==':  'T..',
    '!=':  'F++',

02562 def _override_setuptools(req):
    """Return True when distribute wants to override a setuptools dependency.

    We want to override when the requirement is setuptools and the version is
    a variant of 0.6.

    if req.project_name == 'setuptools':
        if not len(req.specs):
            # Just setuptools: ok
            return True
        for comparator, version in req.specs:
            if comparator in ['==', '>=', '>']:
                if '0.7' in version:
                    # We want some setuptools not from the 0.6 series.
                    return False
        return True
    return False

02582 def _get_mro(cls):
    """Get an mro for a type or classic class"""
    if not isinstance(cls,type):
        class cls(cls,object): pass
        return cls.__mro__[1:]
    return cls.__mro__

02589 def _find_adapter(registry, ob):
    """Return an adapter factory for `ob` from `registry`"""
    for t in _get_mro(getattr(ob, '__class__', type(ob))):
        if t in registry:
            return registry[t]

02596 def ensure_directory(path):
    """Ensure that the parent directory of `path` exists"""
    dirname = os.path.dirname(path)
    if not os.path.isdir(dirname):

02602 def split_sections(s):
    """Split a string or iterable thereof into (section,content) pairs

    Each ``section`` is a stripped version of the section header ("[section]")
    and each ``content`` is a list of stripped lines excluding blank lines and
    comment-only lines.  If there are any such lines before the first section
    header, they're returned in a first ``section`` of ``None``.
    section = None
    content = []
    for line in yield_lines(s):
        if line.startswith("["):
            if line.endswith("]"):
                if section or content:
                    yield section, content
                section = line[1:-1].strip()
                content = []
                raise ValueError("Invalid section heading", line)

    # wrap up last segment
    yield section, content

def _mkstemp(*args,**kw):
    from tempfile import mkstemp
    old_open = os.open
        os.open = os_open   # temporarily bypass sandboxing
        return mkstemp(*args,**kw)
        os.open = old_open  # and then put it back

# Set up global resource manager
_manager = ResourceManager()
def _initialize(g):
    for name in dir(_manager):
        if not name.startswith('_'):
            g[name] = getattr(_manager, name)

# Prepare the master working set and make the ``require()`` API available
working_set = WorkingSet()
    # Does the main program list any requirements?
    from __main__ import __requires__
except ImportError:
    pass # No: just use the default working set based on sys.path
    # Yes: ensure the requirements are met, by prefixing sys.path if necessary
    except VersionConflict:     # try it without defaults already on sys.path
        working_set = WorkingSet([])    # by starting with an empty path
        for dist in working_set.resolve(
            parse_requirements(__requires__), Environment()
        for entry in sys.path:  # add any missing entries from sys.path
            if entry not in working_set.entries:
        sys.path[:] = working_set.entries   # then copy back to sys.path

require = working_set.require
iter_entry_points = working_set.iter_entry_points
add_activation_listener = working_set.subscribe
run_script = working_set.run_script
run_main = run_script   # backward compatibility
# Activate all distributions already on sys.path, and ensure that
# all distributions added to the working set in the future (e.g. by
# calling ``require()``) will get activated as well.
add_activation_listener(lambda dist: dist.activate())
working_set.entries=[]; map(working_set.add_entry,sys.path) # match order

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